Minerals


Kaolin

Kaolin, also called china clay, soft white clay that is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of china and porcelain and is widely used in the making of paper, rubber, paint, and many other products.

Nepheline Syenite

Nepheline Syenite is used like feldspar as a source of alumina and as a flux. In polymer-bond systems, the feldspars and nepheline syenite are common as fillers in paints and lacquers as well as in pigment pastes.​

Ball Clay 

Ball clay acts as a binding agent and contributes to plasticity and strength in a pre-fired ceramic body. Some are highly valued for their fluid and casting properties, particularly in the manufacture of sanitary ware.​

Wollastonite

Wollastonite is used in the production of ceramics, devitrified glass (sitall), and as a polymer filler. decrease the firing temperature of ceramics, improve their strength, decrease the firing and drying shrinkages .

Tin oxide

Tin oxide has long been used to produce a white, opaque and glossy glaze. As well as an opacifying agent, tin oxide also finds use as a colour stabiliser in some pigments and glazes.  

Titanium Oxide

Titanium is the strongest white pigment known and many uses, in ceramics the whiteness (and opacity) it imparts to glazes is due to its tendency to crystallize during cooling. used in glazes as an opacifier.

Aluminum Oxide

Known as alundum (in fused form) or aloxit in the  mining ceramic , and  materials science communities, aluminium oxide finds wide use.  


Silica

Silica is one of the three main ingredients of clays and glaze materials, along with alumina and ceramic fluxes. It is a glass-former and is the principal ingredient in ceramic glazes.

CMC

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Barium Carbonate

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Calcined Alumina

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Zinc oxide

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Zirconium

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Titanium dioxide

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Dolomite

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.

Micronized zirconium

CMC is used in ceramics to harden unfired ceramic glazes (cement the particles together) for safer handling of the ware. Highly fritted glazes (lacking clay content) used in  factory   settings benefit greatly from the addition of gum.